Buying athletic shoes can be a very daunting task, especially with the never-ending options of shoes discovered at stores. However, there is a science to athletic shoes, so you can putian sneakers find a pair that are best for you and decrease the chances of injury to your toes with some fundamental knowledge.
Before buying an athletic shoe, you must know what type of foot you have. Of course, there are subtle differences in everyone’s feet, but in general, there are three main foot types and athletic shoes, subsequently, are made for each of these foot types.
- Simple foot: A simple foot has a medium alignment, that permits the pressure and force of running to be smoothly distributed throughout the foot. Additionally a simple foot has an ample amount of pronation, a movement that is caused during weight bearing where the bottom area of the alignment moves toward the floor. Therefore the alignment gets lower and the foot is more flexible in a pronated state. Since a simple foot has the necessary amount of pronation, this foot is flexible enough to absorb the pressure of running and walking and adjust to changing terrain. Also, a simple foot has an ample amount of supination. Supination is a movement of the foot where the alignment of the foot rotates off of the floor creating a higher alignment and a more rigid foot. With an ample amount of supination, a simple foot is rigid enough to push off the ground without causing injury. Recommended shoes for a simple foot type are stability shoes.
- Over Pronated/Flexible foot: This foot type has a very low or flat alignment, which increases pressure on the inside of the foot and big toe during walking or running. This usually results in an increase of skin thickness on the inside of the big toe and ball of the foot. Also, this type of foot is more flexible compared to a simple foot. In the pronated position the foot is not rigid enough to push off the ground. Since an over pronated is a more flexible foot, motion-control jogging sneakers are recommended for this foot type.
- Over Supinated/Rigid foot: An over supinated foot has a very high alignment, which increases pressure throughout the heel, the outside the foot and ball of the foot. Compared to an over pronated foot, an over supinated foot is rigid and can’t absorb the forces applied to the foot than the other foot types. An over supinated foot/rigid foot type benefits more from a cushion running shoes.
- Motion control shoes: This type of shoe is best for patients with excessive pronation or a flat alignment. The back of the shoe that cups the heel is known as a heel counter. The heel counter in a motion control shoe is rigid to prevent excessive pronation that is caused in a flexible foot. Additionally, the outline and shape on the bottom of motion control shoe is straight and broad at the front of the foot. This shape is also designed to improve stability like have a wide wheelbase on a car.
To test a motion control shoe, grasp the heel counter with your hand and squeeze the heel counter. The heel counter should not deform with data compresion of your hand.
Another way to test for motion control is to grab entry of the shoe with one hand and the back of the shoe with the resale and twist the shoe. The shoe should not deform with the twisting motion. The final test to determine the amount of motion in the shoe is to bend entry and back of the shoe together like a book. The bend of the shoe should be at the ball of the foot where the foot pushes off the ground during activity and should not bend in the middle of the shoe.
- Cushion shoes: This type of shoe is best for patients with excessive supination or a high arched rigid foot. Cushioned shoes decrease pressure on the feet by absorbing forces fed from the ground while running. The outline and shape on the bottom of cushion shoes tend to curve at the front of the foot with extra padding at the front and middle of the shoe. Additionally, cushion shoes tend to have an hourglass shape when looking at the sole where the middle section of the sole is narrower than the front or back. Compared to motion control shoes, it is quicker to twist a cushion shoe. Additionally, when bending entry and back of a cushion shoe together like a book, the bend is also at the ball of the foot, but the amount bend is greater and quicker to perform compared to a motion control shoe.